City's main square is the largest square in Ukraine and one of the largest in
Europe. This is the venue of festivals, concerts, fairs, rallies, meetings,
and other public events.
The central part of square's
circumference is occupied by the State Industry Building or Derzhprom.
This is one of city's unique architectural and historic sights. It was
built in 1925-1928 to become the first high-rise building in the country.
The Derzhprom consists of a group of blocks connected by passages running
on different levels. The following figures signify the scope of the structure:
total site area occupies 11,000 square meters and the facade length is
building was designed by architects S.Serafimov, S.Kravets, and M.Feldher.
The construction work was headed by prominent civil engineer and academician
of architecture, P.Rottert
To the left of the Derzhprom
is the building of the Kharkiv
National University named after V.Karazin, one of the oldest and largest
higher education institutions founded in 1805. The University building
has about 2,500 lecture rooms and laboratories.
A monument to the University
founder V.Karazin is located nearby on the side of the Shevchenko
Gardens. The monument was unveiled in 1906, designed by sculptor I.M.Andreoletti
and architect A.I.Beketov.
building of the Hotel Kharkiv
also faces the Svobody Square.
The square's architectural
ensemble is completed by the building of the Oblast Council of People's
Deputies erected in 1954 on site of the old one destroyed by Nazis during
the war. The building was designed by architects V.Orekhov and V.Kostenko.